بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله
After a productive exchange with a dear friend and actual talib al-‘Ilm, I’d like to share with you his concise rebuttal of a number of Rafidi-Sufi shubuhat that ‘Bro Hajji’ has spread and sold to the gullible as ‘straight from the sources’.
Note: at times, whenever he feels the heat and gets refuted hard, this Bro Hajji makes some half-baked apologies, but even then, in his ignorance, he claims that they are exceptions compared to the overall ‘balanced positions & resources’ he gave to the people.
This person can’t string a single Arabic sentence together, he has literally a track recording of distorting basic Arabic sentences, heck, he refers to Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal as Imam Ahmad ibn HUMBLE, yet he wants us to believe that he can understand hours of lectures in the Arabic language.
Well, the following are the results of his ‘understanding’: mistranslations, lies, omissions, distortions, etc.; a long list of intellectual and academic dishonesty. Judge for yourselves:
Shubhah #1: Did Imām Ahmad permit seeking blessings from graves, kissing & touching?
(You can find my extensive refutation here>>>)
BH said Imām Ahmad did through the following narration The narration of Imam Ahmad’s son stating Imam Ahmad said لا بأس بذلك ‘There’s no problem with that’
1- The narration of Imām Ahmad’s other son. Abu Al Fadhl Salih bin Ahmad Bin Hanbal who states in his Masāil Al Imām Ahmad, Imām didn’t touch the wall of the grave and didn’t kiss it.
2- Other narrations quoted by Scholars which suggest Imam Ahmad didn’t hold this opinion: – The narration of Abu Bakr Al Athram – who was a direct student of Imām Ahmad & stayed in his company [Siyaru A’alam An Nubalā 12/624] – he narrates a narration which states that Imam Ahmad was asked regarding touching and wiping the grave. Imām Ahmad said: ما أعرف هذا ‘I dont recognise this’ [Ar Riwāyatayn Wal Wajhayn by Qadhi Abu Ya’lā]
Scholars from The Hanābilah have also quoted narrations from Abu Al Hārith stating Imam Ahmad told him to go close but not touch the grave. A quote from Imam Ahmad also states that the people of knowledge wouldn’t touch the grave [Al Insāf by Al Mardawī]
A few points to note here: – The issue is not as black & white as BH has made it. Rather it’s an issue that has conflicting narrations. – The narration BH stated is not enough to establish Tabarruk – A path must be followed in reconciling between the narrations. The Scholars of Hanābilah have clearly given preference to the statement of Salih Bin Ahmad Bin Hanbal, Al Athram & Abul Hārith.This would render the narration of Abdullah Bin Ahmad Bin Hanbal as Shāth (abnormal/irregular) Ibn Qudāmah Al Maqdisi states in his Al Mughnī:
It is not liked to touch the walls of the grave of The Prophet ﷺ nor kiss it. He then quotes the narrations above aswell as a second narration from Al Athram that the people of knowledge wouldn’t touch the graves of The Prophet().
Other Hanbali Scholars like Al Khalwatī and Mar’ī Yusuf Al Karmī have also prohibited this.
Qādhī Abū Ya’lā in his Tabaqāt brings a narration: Ali Bin Abdullah At Tayālisī touched Imam Ahmad then he rubbed his hands on his clothes. Imām Ahmad became extremely angry and began to shake and then said: from who did you take this? then he rejected him severely.
Al Bahūtī in his Kashāf Al Qinā’ establishes impermissibility according to The Majority of Ulama. He also states the incident mentioned by Qādhi Abu Ya’lā above. And says tabarruk from the living is also disliked:
An important point to note here is. If Imām Ahmad despised people rubbing their hands on him for barakah, to the point he’s shaking in anger, how would he permit touching and seeking blessings from a grave?!
Another point which enforces the correct opinion of not seeking barakah: The statement of Umar RA on kissing the black stone: لَوْلا أَنِّي رَأَيْتُ رَسولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَبَّلَكَ ما قَبَّلْتُكَ If I hadn’t seen The Messenger of Allah ﷺ kiss you, I wouldn’t kiss you. [Narrated By Bukhārī in his Kitāb Al Hajj]
We can deduce, in what world would Umar RA permit the kissing of The Prophet ﷺ grave if this was his stance with the black stone.
To finalise: The manner in which BH has presented this ruling and opinion is wrong. There are other narrations from Imam Ahmad which oppose the narration he has quoted. Naturally, The authorities of Hanābilah also disagree with BH May Allah grant us all guidance.
Shubhah #2: Ibn Muflih regarding استشفاء بطيب الكعبة
‘Seeking a cure from the fragrance of The Ka’aba’
There are a few things to note here. Not only did BH mistranslate the text, he also never explained the ruling being discussed. On top of that, what does استشفاء بطيب الكعبة really mean?
(1) ~ Istishfā means to seek a cure. It doesn’t mean Tabarruk, to seek blessings. (2) ~ The Ruling is about taking things from The Haram out of the Haram. This is impermissible due to the sacredness of The Haram. The statement of Imam Ahmad is regarding this.
(3) ~ BH translates the narration as you can do Tabarruk with a hat and scarf on the dust/earth of the Ka’aba and take blessings from it. This is an incorrect translation. The translation is:
‘If one wishes to seek a cure from the fragrance of The Ka’aba, then don’t take anything from it (The Ka’aba). [He should] paste on fragrance [that] he has with him and then take from that’ This narration is found in many books and by other Scholars as well as Imam Ahmad.
Basically, don’t take from the fragrance of The Ka’aba. rather take your own out, put it on the Ka’aba then take from that in order to seek shifā (cure) to avoid taking something from The Haram.
Now the question is, where is this idea of seeking shifā from The Ka’aba from? The Prophet ﷺ has narrated it in a Hadīth. 1- الركن والمقام من ياقوت الجنة، ولولا ما مسهما من خطايا بني آدم، لأضاءا ما بين المشرق والمغرب وما مسهما من ذي عاهة ولا سقيم إلا شفي
The Rukn & The Maqām are from the treasures of Jannah, if both hadn’t been touched from the sins of The Sons of Adam, they would have enlightened everything between the East & West. And a disabled & ill do not touch both except that they are cured [Narrated by Al Bayhaqī]
2- لولا ما مسه من أنجاس الجاهلية ما مسه ذو عاهة إلا شفي If it (Hajr Al Aswad) hadn’t been touched by the impurities of Jāhiliyyah, a disabled person wouldn’t touch it except they would get cured. [Targhīb Wat Tarhīb] Imām An Nawawi in his Sharh Al Muhathab has stated both are Sahīh. He has also stated the narration of Bayhaqī is upon the conditions of Imam Muslims Ahadīth criteria. Al Busayrī, As Suyūtī, Albanī have also authenticated this narration.
So how does this qualify a person to seek blessings from graves or other things? The Prophet ﷺ has prescribed a cure from The Ka’aba. It’s not evidence for seeking blessings from graves.
Shubhah #3: Imām Ahmad seeking blessings from the water of the washed clothes of Imām Ash Shāfiee.
Presenting this as a hujjah was shocking. He quoted this book:
(1) ~ The author of this book isn’t a classical scholar from years ago. Many would have thought so. His name is Sayyid Muhammad Ibn Sayyid Al Alawī Al Mālikī. He was a Sufī scholar who opposed Salafiyyah in Saudi & passed away in 2004.
Not only does this story have no sanad, but it also can’t even be found in earlier books. Rather the story of Tabarruk between Ash Shāfiee & Imām Ahmad is completely different and classified as weak. Before we discuss this. Let’s highlight some of Sayyid Muhammad Al Alawis beliefs
1) He believes in Istighātha [Mafāhīm Yajibu An Tasahhah] 2) He justifies praying through others as an intermediary between him & Allah – He says this isn’t Shirk [Mafāhīm Yajibu An Tasahhah Also implies Ibrahīm AS did a form of Shirk, which isn’t really shirk والعياذ بالله
The intellectual dishonesty is shocking. BH can openly condemn and label many Scholars as ‘Extremists’ but proceeds to quote a person who had a bātil aqīdah & was extreme in Tasawwuf as Hujjah? Is this a Hujjah?
(2) ~ What Tabarruk occurred with Ahmad & Ash Shāfi’ee? The narration is from Tārīkh Dimishq 5/311-312 In short: Ash Shāfiee sends Rabī’ with a letter to Imām Ahmad in Baghdād, he gives it and Imam Ahmad cries when reading it because The Prophet ﷺ tells Ash Shāfi’ee to send Salām upon Imam Ahmad. Imam Ahmad sends his qamees back with Rabī’. Imam Shāfi’ee on receiving it says: ‘we won’t suffer through this. Wet it and give me the water so I may seek blessings from it.’
Ath Thahabī says regarding this story in his Siyaru A’alam An Nubalā 12/587 ‘Rabī (the one who supposedly took the letter to Imām Ahmad) is not a person who travels. That which has been narrated that Ash Shāfi’ee sent him to Baghdād with a letter to Imām Ahmad is not authentic’
So again, this story of Tabarruk has no basis. The story BH quoted is unfounded. It’s clear that Muhammad Al Alawī couldn’t quite recollect the actual weak narration from Tārīkh Dimishq. And in no way can this be used to justify Tabarruk from graves.
Shubhah #4:The alleged tabarruk by Thābit Al Bunānī
BH brings the well-known narration of Thābit Al Bunānī who would kiss the hand of Anas Bin Mālik because The Prophet ﷺ had held this hand. BH translates it as he did Tabarruk with his hand? Where does it say Tabarruk in the narration?
Rather it was extreme love for The Messenger ﷺ. Also, it is well known, تقبيل اليد والمصافحة Kissing of the hands & greeting is established in many narrations as well as from The Fuqahā with conditions. The kissing should be for love, respect, honour, it should be free from shahwah and for the sake of the dunya [The above are summaries of An Nawawī, Al Bahūtī, Ibn Abidīn, At Tahtāwī, Abu Bakr Al Marwazī] The point is, bringing this as evidence for Tabarruk is not correct. It was merely out of Love for The Messenger ﷺ. Considering the fact that countless scholars have permitted kissing the hands out of love & respect for a scholar, parent, elder, ruler. Would this be a form of Tabarruk as well?
The biggest question is, how has everything up till now been any evidence for seeking blessings from The Grave of The Prophet ﷺ except for the very first narration he brought??
- Imam Ahmad according to stronger narrations and the mu’tamad of his madhab never endorsed kissing and touching any grave for tabarruk purposes
- Istishfā isnt daleel
- Tabarruk between Ahmad & Ash Shāfi’ee is a fabrication (another version is weak)
- Thabit Al Bunānī isn’t daleel
If these so-called proofs are to establish Tabarruk in general and he is claiming MIAW & followers reject Tabarruk from The Prophet ﷺ. Then BH has made a grave mistake in assuming the position of MIAW.
MIAW actually permitted Tabarruk from the relics of The Prophets of Allah as noted in his Tafsīr.
Tabarruk with the relics of The Righteous is something few scholars have permitted, whereas some have also restricted it to The Prophet ﷺ with very valid pieces of evidence But to use this in a video establishing Tabarruk from The Grave of The Prophet ﷺ is misleading and is invalid.
Tabarruk from The Grave of The Prophet ﷺ and Tabarruk from relics of The Prophet ﷺ or Righteous people are completely different.
Shubhah #5: Was the student of Imām Ahmad (Ibrahīm Al Harabī) a Qubūrī?
BH presents 3 sources, all of which are secondary sources. They were quoted from: 1) Siyaru A’alam An Nubalā 2) Sifat As Safwah 3) Sifat As Safwah
Quoting secondary sources which are linked to the same narration is not a daleel to establish Aqīdah. Nowhere near enough.
Shubhah #6: BH uses a dream to justify grave veneration!
BH mentions this story that the grave is a known antidote and whoever is in need should come to the grave He jumps straight to the last sentences not telling anyone that the narration begins by Bishr Bin Hārith narrating a dream.
Regardless, how is a dream a hujjah? and how does a dream establish the validity or confirm this to be an action of a scholar? Especially when the athar this has been deduced from is very weak.
Shubhah #7: Did Ibn Hajr Al Asqalānī seek Tabarruk from graves or advocate this?
Shubhah #8: Did Ibn Abdil Barr advocate or believe in seeking blessings from graves?
No, he did not.
BH brings Ibn Abdil Barrs’s explanation for this hadīth from Muwatta. BH translates the ending as ‘underneath this tree, there are 70 Prophets’
This translation is not correct. And the Hadīth doesn’t say this. Interestingly, in the very book of Ibn Abdil Barr that BH uses to justify seeking blessings from graves, the paragraph above explains what the end of this hadīth translates as and means.
Even if Ibn Abdil Barr did permit Tabarruk from The Grave, I’ll show those Scholars who spoke against it in the next part. Will BH also refer to them as extremists?
Shubhah #9: Imām Ath Thahabī’s statement and the statement of other Scholars
And even if he allowed tabarruk, how does that constitute prove if it goes against the ijma’ of the Sahabah?